|Unit||Ths. #, NSA|
|Adjustments||Not Seasonally Adjusted|
|Labor Force||2020 Q4||961.54||968.56||Ths., SA||Quarterly|
|Real Wages & Salaries||Dec 2020||107.1||101.81||Index prv. per.=100, NSA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||2020 Q4||8.08||8.64||Ths., SA||Quarterly|
|Wage & Salaries||Dec 2020||1,248||1,166||EUR, NSA||Monthly|
|Primary Industries Employment||2017 Q2||60||61.4||Ths. #, NSA||Quarterly|
Labor force survey (LFS) results for Latvia, including status measures by age and sex, and employment by activity. Quarterly from 2002.
The source writes:
Active population (labor force)
Active population consists of persons of both sexes who in the reference period offered their work for the production of goods and services. Active population consists of employed persons and non-working persons actively seeking a job (both those who are registered with the State Employment Agency and those who are not).
Persons of both sexes irrespective of their age including persons under working age who can be classified neither as employed nor unemployed (housewives, non-working disabled persons, students of working age who neither are in work nor seeking, non working pensioners, etc.).
Acording to the ILO definition employed population is all persons who during the reference week did any work for cash payment or compensation in goods or services. Self-employed persons with a business, farm or those who are undergoing professional practice are also considered as employed. Persons who are in temporary absence from work due to the prenatal or maternity leave, as well as, due to the childcare leave of up to 3 months duration, are classified as employed, if after the end of the leave their return to the previous work is guaranteed. The number of employed includes also those persons who are working to produce goods for own consumption, and their work is an important source of livelihood for the person or the family.
Rate of active population to the total population, in percent.
Rate of employed to the total population, in percent.
Unemployed persons (both registered and not-registered wit hthe State Employment Agency)
Persons aged 15-74 years, whether registered at the State Employment Agency (SEA) or not and who meet the following three conditions simultaneously:
Unemployed persons with previous working experience
Unemployed who ever been employed, excluding those, who have had odd jobs (inconstant or irregular jobs where they worked only a few days or weeks without continuous job guarantees).
Unemployed without previous working experience
Unemployed persons who have never been employed.
Long-term unemployed persons
Thosewhohavebeenwithoutworkfor12 monthsorlonger, areactivelyseekingfora jobandarereadyto startworkingwithinthenext2 weeks.
Rate of unemployed to the active population, in percent.
Person who does some work (work in a family farm, professional practice or enterprise inclusive) for pay or profit (in cash, goods or services) to the person or family.
Person who works in own business, professional practice or farm, professional practice or farm for the purpose of earning a profit and who employ one or more employees.
Person who works in own business, professional practice or farm for the purpose of earning a profit and who does not employ any other persons.
Unpaid family worker in a family business, professional practice or farm
Worker in a relative – owned enterprise or farm, unpaid, but bringing benefit to the family.
The job a person usually works the majority of working hours per week. Included are all overtime hours and working hours worked outside the work place but in order to perform the work tasks (for example, at home if there is an agreement between the employer and employee on performing the work tasks outside the work place). Excluded are those hours that are worked in other jobs. For a half-time two-job holder, the main job is the one where the person has the taxpayer’s book.
All those activities that are not related to the main job but given extra income.
Persons who are full-time employed (employees) or usually work at least 40 hours per week (employers, self-employed), as well as employees of some special categories with shortened labour time (teachers, physicians etc.) who consider themselves as full-time employed.
Persons who are part-time employed (employees) or usually work less than 40 hours per week, excluding those who consider themselves to be employed full-time irrespective of the number of their working hours.
Kind of economic activity
Sphere of activity of the enterprise or individual that expresses itself in the produced goods or services. The type is determined by Standard Classification of Economic Activities (NACE 1.1.rev., starting with 2008 – NACE 2.rev). In 2008 and 2009 the data was published according to NACE 1.1. and NACE 2. In 2010 in selected sectors (C, G, L, N, O, Q according to NACE Rev. 2), basing on sector statistics information, experts’ evaluation is published.
Sector of raw material acquisition and agriculture, sections A to B according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.1.) and section A according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev.2.).
Production sector, sections C to F according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.1.) and sections B to F according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev.2.).
Service provision sector, sections G to Q according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.1.) and sections G to U according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev.2.).
Occupation or positions
Occupations in Latvian economy according to the Latvian Classification of Occupations.
Actual working hours
The number of hours actually worked during the reference week (including idle time, rest time, overtime, and the number of hours worked outside the working place in order to perform the working tasks).
Worked at home
Work, carried out by person, who completely or partly is working at home, for this purpose often allocating part of the dwelling – place.
Work or part of the work, which employees are doing at home because of the personal interest or lack of time, but which according to labour contract is not intended to be done at home, is not considered as worked at home.
Worked in evenings
Work, which is carried out between 6 p.m. and 10 p.m. at least 2 hours.
Worked at nights
Work, which is carried out after 10 p.m. at least 2 hours.
Worked on Saturday
Work which according to work place official regulations of an establishment or labour contract is done on Saturday.
Work or part of the work, which employees on their own initiative do at home or at work place also on Saturdays, is not considered as worked on Saturday.
Worked on Sunday
Work which according to work place official regulations of an establishment or labour contract is done on Sunday.
Work or part of the work, which employees on their own initiative do at home or at work place also on Sundays, is not considered as worked on Sunday.
Territorial breakdown by place of residence of the respondent
Urban area – administrative territory, to which municipal status is granted. The list of urban areas (cities, central district towns, other towns) is confirmed by the Cabinet of Ministers.
Rural area – administrative territory, to which no municipal status is granted.
Source of data
The source of data is the CSB Labour Force Survey (LFS) that was first organised in November 1995 and until 2001 took place twice a year – in May and November. Beginning in 2002 the survey is taken every week throughout the whole year.
The objective of the LFS is to obtain detailed information about the situation on the labour market in Latvia, i.e. activity of the population.
The survey is carried out by way of interviewing persons aged 15-74 years who are living within the household (prior to 2001 persons aged 15 years and over). The questionnaires contain relevant questions characterising the activity of the population; these questionnaires were prepared in accordance with the internationally approved methodology of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) specifically in the area of labour force surveys that ensures comparability of information with other countries. The LFS provides information on the number of population including the active population (employed and unemployed) broken down by various characteristics (sex, age, education qualification, place of residence, employment status, etc.).
From 2002-2006 – 10,296 households per year, from 2007 – 24,128 households per year.
Description of data
All questions of the survey refer to the reference week, that is, the calendar week from Monday to Sunday prior to the day of the interview.
For the classification of LFS data the following classifications are used:
For more information, please visit the website: http://www.csb.gov.lv/en/statistikas-temas/metodologija/employment-and-unemployment-37087.html