Thailand - Labor Force

Thailand: Labor Force

Mnemonic LBF.ITHA
Unit Ths. #, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 0.85 %
Data Dec 2020 39,450
Nov 2020 39,119

Series Information

Source The Bank of Thailand
Release Labor Force Survey
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/2001
End Date 12/31/2020

Thailand: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Real Wages & Salaries 2021 Q1 7,575 7,535 Mil. THB, NSA Quarterly
Wage & Salaries 2021 Q1 7,575 7,535 Mil. THB, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force Dec 2020 39,450 39,119 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Labor Force Employment Dec 2020 38,761 38,268 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Primary Industries Employment Dec 2020 13,482 12,053 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Secondary Industries Employment Dec 2020 7,780 8,454 Ths. # Monthly
Tertiary Industries Employment Dec 2020 17,499 17,760 Ths. # Monthly
Total Employment Non-Ag Dec 2020 25,279 26,215 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Unemployment Dec 2020 589.66 783.76 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Dec 2020 1.49 2 %, NSA Monthly
Agriculture Employment 2017 12,835,952 12,983,823 # Annual

Release Information

For Thailand, survey-based labor force status measures and employment by industry.

Thailand's labor force statistics are tripartite: employment, unemployment, and "seasonal unemployment" a.k.a. "seasonally inactive labor force." The latter pertains to the large agricultural workforce (about one-third of total employment) which is cyclically unemployed during each dry season (November to May).


  • Working-age population (over 15 years)
  • Total labor force
  • Persons not in the labor force
  • Employed persons
  • Unemployed persons
  • Current labor force
  • Seasonally inactive labor force (unemployed)
  • Unemployment rate
  • Seasonal unemployment rate
  • Measurements:
    • Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
    • Percentage (%)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA) 
  • Native frequencies: Monthly
  • Start dates: As early as 2001m1

The survey is conducted simultaneously for all surveyed units nationwide during days 1 to 12 of each month. Data are collected by NSO officers through interview with head or member of the household units participated in the survey. Data compilation is based on weighted average of sampled data, the details of which appear in the NSO’s website under the topic “Labour Force Survey”.

Employment is classified by UN ISIC Rev. 4.

Moody's Analytics supplements

We compute seasonally adjusted counterparts for the LFS quartet using the X-13ARIMA-SEATS program. We update factors annually.

Since January 2014 change estimation which adjusted from population census 2010.